Modern Types Of Energy-efficient Buildings

October 22, 2011

1. Energy conservation in a constructive way, ie, volume-planning decisions. The use of wide hull houses to reduce the number of corner rooms in apartments and thus save heat (since the angular heat the rooms twice) Shirokokorpusnye house and tower are in-line type. 2. The use of modern insulating building materials. For example: izuron (plate), Rockwool (plate) – glued on the outside of exterior walls, foam DPM isover – attached to the outside walling and covered with a protective layer (or ceramic tiles, facing bricks or) 3.

The use of solar energy. By way of solar radiation of the solar low-temperature heating divided into passive and active. Called passive solar heating system, which as an element of the perceiver solar radiation and converts it into heat is the building itself or its individual enclosure (building – a collector, a wall – a collector, a roof – a collector). Consider a system of solar heating 'wall – a collector. " It includes a massive outer wall, before which only a short distance from the screen set lucheprozrachny blinds. In the floor and the ceiling set in the wall with slotted flaps. The sun's rays passing through lucheprozrachny screen surface of the wall are absorbed and converted into heat which is transferred by convection air in the space between the screen and the wall.

Air is heated and rises, falling through crack in the ceiling space, and the cooled air from the room enters the space between wall and screen through a hole in the floor. 4. The use of ventilated facades. Consider the outer wall of the building with a ventilated facade of the premises to the outside wall. It consists of: 1) internal lime-sand plaster ( = 20 mm.) 2) of solid masonry clay brick ( = 250 mm.) 3) thermal insulation – mineral wool 'Isover' ( = 120 mm. ) 4) gidrozaschitnoy steamproof membrane, 5) ventilated air gap ( = 50 mm.), 6) facing facade. 5. Thermal protection of skylights. Replacing wood bindings on windows with triple glazing and quality sealing seam between the outer wall and window units.

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